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Cannabis and its effect in Pregnancy

Marijuana and its ill effects

The use of marijuana is illegal in India. Marijuana also is known as the weed or cannabis. It is a natural product that is found in the plant Cannabis. The plant contains psychoactive materials which cause the recreational reactions when taken. Marijuana contains a compound called tetrahydrocannabinol which activates the cannabinoid receptor in the brain causing a dizzy type of sensation in the body. The main action is on the nerve fibre and repeated uses is very much harmful to the nerves as they get dried up the terminal region of the neurons gets damaged. During pregnancy the mom and her child shares. So using these kinds of drugs will definitely affect the baby either during the gestational phase or even during breastfeeding her child.

Benefits of Breastfeeding

After the birth, the baby needs to be taken a lot of care. Every mom faces this challenge because the baby’s immune system is not at all developed. It takes some time for the organs to get back into its shape and function. Thus at this time breast milk is the best food. Breast milk provides perfect nutrition, to the newborn babies.  Along with the proper nutrition antibodies are also passed from the mother’s body to the baby so that some amount of protection against viruses and other diseases like hepatitis, diarrhea etc. It also brings the baby and her mother very close to each other.

Effect of marijuana in breastfeeding

Marijuana and breastfeeding during pregnancy are antagonistic in every action. The active agent in marijuana called as the THC or the tetrahydrocannabinol get absorbed in the fat tissues. And on constant use, the concentration is far more increased. And during breastfeeding that stored THC gets in the milk and then in the baby. The babies with this kind of effect will feel sleepy all the time. Reports suggest that babies who are exposed to this situation experienced a problem in their growth and there is a significant decrease in its metabolism rate. So overall development will be hampered.

Effect of marijuana on breast milk

Consumption of marijuana on a constant basis change the chemical composition of the milk. Reports suggest that there is a significant decrease in the amount of the breast milk production. It reduces the prolactin concentration which, reduces the milk production. From the biochemical studies, it was found that the metabolism of the DNA (Deoxy-ribonucleic acid) and RNA (Ribonucleic Acid) and the proteins responsible for the growth of the body is actually hampered by tetrahydrocannabinol. It is evident in the urine of the baby.

The best way to remove all of this harms from the baby

Marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding is strictly prohibited because the effects on the baby are fairly large. Never a mother will want to harm their baby is such a cruel way. So the best way is to stop and get rid of the addiction to cannabis. And breastfeeding should be done at least 90 days after quitting so that it gets away from the body totally.

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